The reading skills is a very a critical factor because this factor is responsible for improving your learning ability. Your ability of reading fast gives you an edge over others. It is an essential skill in present age because your ability of reading fast will master you in large volumes of information quickly and you will take no time in going through pile of papers.
The most important factor about fast reading is that you should be clear in your objective and you should have knowledge on what information you are looking for in a text, books or documents before you start reading them. Let us consider the following situation:
Example: If you want only an outline of the total issue discussed in a text then you need to skim the document and only extract the essential facts out of it. If you want to get the detail in your mind then you read it slowly enough to catch the meaning by going through the important part and leaving out irrelevant details.
What is the reading ability of a common man?
The reading ability of a common man is not more than 130 words per minute. This is because most of us read word by word and silently pronounce these words. This is called Sub Vocalization. But if you want to increase up your reading ability you will have to give up this habit of Sub Vocalization.
First of all you should stop reading word by word and then pronouncing them silently. To enhance your reading skills instead of reading word by word look at group of words and then try to take out meaning from it. It is not so easy but if you continue to practice this art you will master it in one day. And then you will be capable to read a block of words and not any individual word and if the meaning of any previous block is not clear to you then you can move to previous block again.
In case of skilled readers they become habitual of reading block and many words in a block. Also the probability of repeating is least in case of skilled readers. Skilled readers also require only a fraction of second to go through a block.
Thus main guidelines to improve your reading skills are:
1) You should concentrate on block of words rather than single word and then try to cover many words in a block.
2) You should minimize the time spend in each block.
3) You should reduce frequency of moving your eyes backwards to cover the previous block.